An electronic signature, also called the signatures, refers to information in digital form, that is digitally associated with other information in digital form and that the signer uses to sign documents. Bear in mind that the Firma electrónica provides a higher level of authentication for documents and information than are keys and passwords used with offline methods. However, they have come under fire recently because of privacy concerns. Because many businesses to store customer information on computers, many companies use a form of digital signature to prevent against identity theft. Electronic signatures have been criticized for being weak in other ways as well. For instance, because an electronic signature does not exist and only exists as long as the computer being signed on has an internet connection, it can be easily manipulated.
Many business executives believe that the Certificado digital simple make a difference in the sense that only someone with the proper training will recognize an electronic signature. However, even with the additional security that accompanies the use of smart cards or biometrics, it is still easy to forge signatures. Documents that do not contain any type of digital signature are called ‘genuine’ documents. These types of documents are more difficult to forge than ‘real’ documents. If a company signs such a document, it is actually lending credibility to the person who signs it – whether that be its own employee or a business associate.
There are several problems with digital signatures. The main problem is that because signatures are essentially pieces of data, it is easy to combine different signatures to create a new document. This opens up the possibility of legal penalties for the document signature. Additionally, since digital signatures can be tampered with, it is possible to destroy or modify these signatures, putting the signer’s signature at risk.
The lack of legal value to an electronic signature has been disputed by lawyers who specialize in intellectual property law. They maintain that electronic signatures are more private and safe from intentional misuse. However, even if electronic signatures were more protected, they still leave some loopholes. For instance, it is possible to change the electronic signature of one document to match the electronic signature of another without destroying the original document along with the matches. It is also not impossible to forge the signature of the person on the bottom of the document.
Furthermore, many document protection software does not have any means of proving whether or not the electronic signature was created by an authorized user. If someone were to capture your e-mail address and then use that e-mail address to order merchandise online, the sale could easily be fraudulent. Since the creation of an e signature is largely untested, you need to make sure that you sign every document that you send out using a computer that is trusted. This is especially important if you are ordering goods online and want to ensure that your credit card information is not being captured.
Despite the concerns of some lawyers, using electronic signatures is often a safe way to create documents that are not as tampered with as a forgery or a fraud. When you use a computer, rather than signing a paper form, you are actually proving that you agree with what is stated on that document. This proves that the document was indeed created by an authorized party. This post elaborates more on the topic, so you may need to check it out: https://www.dictionary.com/browse/e-signature.